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Research
Projects

TCMW supports a wide variety of Research Projects around the Mediterranean World. These independent projects benefit from numerous services offered by TCMW, including but not limited to grants and scholarships, financial services, international logistics, research resources, and collaboration.

The Jezreel Valley Regional Project (JVRP) is a long-term, multi-disciplinary survey and excavation project investigating the longue durée of human activity in the Jezreel Valley, from the Paleolithic through the Ottoman period. This project strives for a total history of the Valley using the tools and theoretical approaches of such disciplines as archaeology, anthropology, geography, history, ethnography, and the natural sciences, within an organizational framework provided by landscape archaeology.

The JVRP is currently conducting excavations at Legio, the base of the Roman VIth Ferrata Legion.

 

Director: Directors: Matthew J. Adams and Yotam Tepper

Assistant Margaret E. Cohen

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Megiddo is the jewel in the crown of biblical archaeology. Strategically perched above the most important land route in the ancient Near East, the city dominated international traffic for over 6,000 years — from ca. 7,000 B.C.E. through to biblical times. As civilizations came and went, succeeding settlements at ancient Megiddo were built on the ruins of their redecessors, creating a multi-layered archaeological legacy that abounds in unparalleled treasures that include monumental temples, lavish palaces, mighty fortifications, and remarkably-engineered water systems.

Directors: Israel Finkelstein and Matthew J. Adams

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JVRP Castra Legionis VI
Ferrata Excavations

Israel

Legio was the sprawling base of the Roman VIth Ferrata Legion from the early 2nd Century to the early 4th Century BCE. The JVRP has conducted three seasons of excavation at the site stunning revelations about the Legion and its Jewish and early Christian neighbors!

 

Directors: Matthew J. Adams and Yotam Tepper.

Assistant Director: Mark Letteney

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Tel Shimron
Israel

The Tel Shimron Excavations will expand our knowledge of the past through historical research from ca. 3000 B.C. to the present:
To determine the archaeological stratification of Tel Shimron and to study the wide range of artifacts which testify to its ancient ways of life;

To understand the long term relationships between human habitation in the Galilean Hills and in the Jezreel Valley;

To determine the extent to which the Mediterranean economy penetrated the agricultural centers of Northern Israel over time;

To understand Tel Shimron’s role in the East-West trade which passed through the Jezreel and Beth-Netopha valleys in various periods;

To add to our understanding of the social, economic, and political world that produced and transmitted the Bible and other early texts of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.

Director: Daniel M. Master and Mario Martin

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Tel Hazor is the largest and most important Canaanite site in Israel, encompassing an area of over 80 ha. In the second millennium BCE the city was comprised of an upper city (the acropolis) and a lower city. Ancient records show that the city was considered the southern-most Syrian urban center during the Bronze Age. The name of the city appears in kings lists of Thutmose III, Amenhotep II, and Seti I as well as in Papyrus Anastasi I, among others. It is the only city mentioned in the Mari archive of the Middle Bronze Age and considered a “great power” in the Amarna archive of the Late Bronze Age. It is also mentioned several times in the Hebrew Bible.

Director: Shlomit Bechar

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The Mendes Expedition
Egypt

The ruin mound of Tel er-Rub'a in the eastern Nile delta marks the site of the ancient city of Mendes, one of the largest cities in the ancient world. As the capital of ancient Egypt in the fourth century BCE, Mendes was a major trading center in contact with the eastern Mediterranean, Greece, and Rome. A riverine harbor is still in evidence, and the site boasts a temple to the Ram-god and a cemetery (ca. 2200 BCE) of nearly 9,000 interments. Although the city has been occupied from prehistoric times to the present, Mendes is largely unencumbered by modern dwellings and offers an excellent prospect for archaeological excavation with a view of studying ancient urbanism, demographics, burial practices, and trade. For the past 20 years (1991-2010), archaeologists and student volunteers have been excavating the site in a program combining cutting-edge research, discovery, and field training. A modern field institute building of twenty rooms was constructed on-site in 1992 that boasts living quarters, lab space, and a budding library.

Director: Donald B. Redford

Field Directors: Susan Redford and Matthew J. Adams

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A.T.P. Theban Tomb Survey
Egypt

In 1988, the Akhenaten Temple Project was granted a concession of several tombs in the ancient Theban necropolis known as the Valley of the Nobles, located on the west bank of the Nile at Luxor. The tasks of the Theban Tomb Survey is to fully document and record the tombs’ reliefs, painted murals, and all artefacts found within their environs; also, to clear the halls and the burial shafts, along with their associated crypts, of all modern debris; and most importantly to repair some of the damage done by modern squatters and robbers thereby reinforcing and conserving the monuments for posterity. Since its inception, The Theban Tomb Survey has thus far carried out ten field seasons between 1994 and 2008, the majority of which focused on the tomb of Parennefer (Theban Tomb #188), the childhood friend and butler of the heretic pharaoh, Akhenaten. Currently under investigation is T.T. 46, the tomb of Ramosi, a middle-ranking official who lived during the reign of Amenhotep III. It is likely that future work in the valley will involve a joint operation with Egyptian Antiquities authorities of the West Bank Inspectorate to clear and document a series of New Kingdom and Saite tombs in the area of the Assasif.

 

Director: Susan Redford

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The Ismenion in Thebes 
Greece

Herodotus and Pindar, two of ancient Greece's most famous writers, praised the sanctuary of Ismenian Apollo at Thebes in their writing. This important site was partially excavated in the 1910s but has not been fully explored in nearly 100 years. Bucknell is literally making history by running the first joint Greek-American archaeological dig in the midst of Theban heroes and myth at this sanctuary.

Ancient Thebes, a major Greek city-state located halfway between Athens and Delphi, was the largest city in Boiotia, one of the main regions of ancient Greece. Thebes gave rise to great kings, legendary wars and timeless myths: Oedipus, Dionysus and Herakles, to name a few. The importance of the Ismenion hill as a site for exploration cannot be overestimated. Ancient sources from a wide range of chronological periods attest to the Ismenion's continued use as one of the main sanctuaries of ancient Thebes. Without question, the site is of monumental architectural, literary and cultic interest for periods from the second millennium B.C.E through the end of the second century A.D. Exploring the temple and its processional approach most likely also will reveal a repository of significant dedications from the height of the sanctuary's activity (the 7th-4th centuries B.C.E) when it served as a central Greek rival to the sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi.

This joint Greek-American excavation project operates under the aegis of the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, and is made possible through the support of the Greek Ministry of Culture.

 

Directors: Vassilis Aravantinos, Kevin Daly, and Stephanie Larson

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Lycoming College Expedition to Idalion
Cyprus

The city kingdom of Idalion flourished as the most prominent of the ten city kingdoms on Cyprus during the 6th and 7th centuries BCE. The island of Cyprus was an important trade center and cultural 'crossroad' in antiquity, controlled and influenced in different periods by the Mycenaean civilization, the sea-faring Phoenicians and the Philistines of the Bible, Archaic Greece, the Persians in Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Roman Empire, and even Christian Byzantium. Cyprus also influenced other cultures as well, as evidenced by the presence of Cypriot copper and pottery all over the Mediterranean world—including important sites like Bronze Age biblical Megiddo. The site of Idalion has been continuously inhabited since the Bronze/Iron Age; the village of Dhali sits in the same location today. The city was a center for the copper trade as well as the Cult of the Mother Goddess and her consort who later became Aphrodite and Adonis. The Lycoming College Expedition has recently reached Bronze Age levels in a few units; current excavation is being conducted at Bronze/Iron Age through Roman era levels in three areas of the site.

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The Tell Timai Project
Egypt

Tell Timai, the ancient city of Thmouis, is a rare example of well-preserved Graeco-Roman City in the Nile Delta. The city exits nearly complete and offers an exceptional opportunity to study all aspects of life, business, religion, and administration during the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. Mudbrick architecture is rarely preserved in the Delta, making Tell Timai a unique piece of Egyptian history. Unfortunately the site is under considerable threat from encroachment, erosion, and looting. The Tell Timai Project of the University of Hawaii has embraced the concepts of Research, Conservation, and Education and has undertaken the tasks of studying the city and saving it as an important piece of Egyptian patrimony and world history. The ultimate goal is to create a site worthy of drawing tourism to the Eastern Delta and combining the site with neighboring Mendes to create a World Heritage Archaeological Zone.

 

Directors: Robert Littman and Jay Silverstein

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Solomon’s Pools Archaeological Project
Palestine

Information coming soon

Directors: Matthew J. Adams and Mark Letteney

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The Tell el-Badawiya/Hannathon Archaeological Project
Isra
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Tell el-Badawiya \ تل البدويه (“mound of the Bedouins”) is among the largest archaeological sites in northern Israel dated from the Bronze and Iron Ages. It is strategically located on the ancient route that connects the Hauran and the Akko Plain, known in more recent times as the Darb el-Hawarna. The site is unanimously identified as the location of ancient Hannathon/Ḫinatuna, mentioned in the Amarna Letters (EA 8 and 245), the royal annals of Tiglath-Pileser III (Ann. 18, Line 5), and the Hebrew Bible (Josh 19:14).

The Tell el-Badawiya/Hannathon Archaeological Project (TBH-AP) is a scientific corporation between Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, the Israel Antiquities Authority, and Leipzig University. It aims to explore the site’s occupational history and material culture in the Bronze and Iron Ages as a gateway for a better understanding of human activity in the pre-Hellenistic Galilee.

The project’s first stage will focus primarily on the archaeology and history of Tell el-Badawiya/Hannathon in the Late Iron Age and the Persian Period. Our main objective is to gather archaeological data concerning the attack of the Assyrians mentioned in Tiglath-Pileser III’s royal annals, to understand its mechanism and intensity, and to explore the events that followed this event. We are particularly interested in shedding new light on the question of whether the Lower Galilee experienced an extensive occupational gap following the collapse of the Kingdom of Israel in the late 8th century BCE.

Directors: Assaf Kleiman, Ron Beeri, Angelika Berlejung

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The Huqoq Excavation Project
Israel
 

Director: Jodi Magness

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Baladi
Palestine

Information coming soon

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Pan-American Ceramics Project (PACP)

Information coming soon

Directors: Matthew J. Adams and Mark Letteney

Editors-in-Chief:

Andrea Torvinen, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida
Kostalena Michelaki, School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University

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The Levantine Ceramics Project
 
Editor-in-chief
Andrea M. Berlin, Boston University


Assistant Editor
Nicole Constantine, Stanford University

Associate Editor for Publications
Bill Caraher, University of North Dakota


The Levantine Ceramics Project (LCP) is an open-access, interactive website and digital publication, sponsored by the American Society of Overseas Research (ASOR). The subject is pottery produced anywhere in the Levant, meaning the modern nations and regions of Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Cyprus, Israel, Jordan, the Palestinian Authority, and Egypt - from the beginnings of ceramic production in Neolithic times (c. 5500 B.C.E.) up through the Ottoman period (c. 1920 C.E.)—some 7000 years of history. The LCP is at heart a scholarly collaborative: archaeologists working throughout these countries share information in order to advance knowledge and enlarge understanding of Levantine social, cultural, and economic history. Throughout human history the Levant has been a pivotal zone: a hinge and a corridor between east and west, north and south. On this dynamic stage actors change, but the geography that frames, supports, and constrains their actions does not. Studying one period throws light on another. The LCP aims to make such study more open and more productive.

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Gaba/Tell Abu Shusha Excavation Project 
Israel

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Hierakonpolis Egypt

Director: Renee Friedman
 

Mapping Paintings

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Mapping Paintings
​Director: Jodi Cranston

Mapping Paintings is an open-source platform that allows users to tailor-make their own individual scholarly mapping projects. The platform facilitates the realization of these types of projects with an easy uploading of data collected and assembled by scholars without the need for learning GIS or other technologies. Although we have limited the platform in concept to paintings, users can include paintings, drawings, and prints—and really any artwork. Users can make their projects private or public. The uploaded data, once approved by our admin team, becomes part of the global library, which is available to all users of the site.

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